The Future of Heavy Equipment and Machinery: Automation and Innovation
Heavy equipment or heavy machinery or earthmover refers to heavy-duty vehicles specially designed to execute construction tasks, most frequently involving earthwork operations or other large construction tasks. Heavy equipment usually comprises five equipment systems: the implement, traction, structure, power train, and control/information.
Heavy equipment functions through the mechanical advantage of a simple machine, the ratio between input force applied and force exerted is multiplied, making tasks which could take hundreds of people and weeks of labor without heavy equipment far less intensive in nature. Some equipment uses hydraulic drives as a primary source of motion.
The use of heavy equipment has a long history; the ancient Roman engineer Vitruvius (1st century BCE) gave descriptions of heavy equipment and cranes in ancient Rome in his treatise De architectura. The pile driver was invented around 1500. The first tunnelling shield was patented by Marc Isambard Brunel in 1818.
Until the 19th century and into the early 20th century heavy machines were drawn under human or animal power. With the advent of portable steam-powered engines the drawn machine precursors were reconfigured with the new engines, such as the combine harvester. The design of a core tractor evolved around the new steam power source into a new machine core traction engine, that can be configured as the steam tractor and the steamroller. During the 20th century, internal-combustion engines became the major power source of heavy equipment. Kerosene and ethanol engines were used, but today diesel engines are dominant. Mechanical transmission was in many cases replaced by hydraulic machinery. The early 20th century also saw new electric-powered machines such as the forklift. Caterpillar Inc. is a present-day brand from these days, starting out as the Holt Manufacturing Company. The first mass-produced heavy machine was the Fordson tractor in 1917.
The first commercial continuous track vehicle was the 1901 Lombard Steam Log Hauler. The use of tracks became popular for tanks during World War I, and later for civilian machinery like the bulldozer. The largest engineering vehicles and mobile land machines are bucket-wheel excavators, built since the 1920s.
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Most of the major equipment manufacturers such as Caterpillar, Volvo, Liebherr, and Bobcat have released or have been developing fully or partially electric-powered heavy equipment. Commercially-available models and R&D models were announced in 2019 and 2020.
Robotics and autonomy has been a growing concern for heavy equipment manufacturers with manufacturers beginning research and technology acquisition. A number of companies are currently developing (Caterpillar and Bobcat) or have launched (Built Robotics) commercial solutions to the market.
A heavy equipment operator drives and operates heavy equipment used in engineering and construction projects. Typically only skilled workers may operate heavy equipment, and there is specialized training for learning to use heavy equipment.
Much publication about heavy equipment operators focuses on improving safety for such workers. The field of occupational medicine researches and makes recommendations about safety for these and other workers in safety-sensitive positions.
Die-cast metal promotional scale models of heavy equipment are often produced for each vehicle to give to prospective customers. These are typically in 1:50 scale. The popular manufacturers of these models are Conrad and NZG in Germany, even for US vehicles.
We're ready to work for you. Plain and simple. Whether you're looking to buy a new machine, rent a machine for a day, or service your own, we're ready to be your one-stop-shop for all things heavy machinery. There's a reason Houston Heavy Machinery is the leader in earth-moving equipment in Texas and Louisiana.
Articulated trucks are a type of heavy-duty dump truck that many praise for their versatility and adaptability. Unlike rigid haulers, articulated trucks consist of both a cab and a narrow trailer, or dump box. The two connect via a pivoting hinge. They are ideal for applications on challenging worksites with little to no paved roads, steep slopes, slippery or sandy surfaces, or low ceiling height.
Cold planers are a type of heavy equipment for construction that utilize rotating drums and carbide cutters to mill pavement or asphalt. You can use a cold planer for either minimal or in-depth removal. Because pavement and asphalt milling creates a lot of dust, most cold planers utilize a water system to maintain a clean and safe work environment.
Like most heavy-duty equipment, cold planers are available in various sizes to suit several types of projects. Smaller machines are easily navigable and suitable for minor milling projects, while large machines are more challenging to navigate but can tackle large-scale projects with ease.
Plate compactors use a heavy, vertically vibrating plate to crush and compact a surface into a level, flat area. The force behind the plate and the quick and repetitive movements work to break down and compact debris. In addition to industrial applications, you can also use a plate compactor to flatten an expanse of soil, sand, or gravel.
Dozers use a heavy-duty track to move with blades that can push rocks, building materials, debris, sand, snow, or dirt. There are a few different types of dozer blades, including the flat, edgeless straight blade, curved universal blade, and semi-universal combination blade.
Rotary blasthole drills are a type of heavy equipment used for drilling holes at mine sites. Autonomous drills are a growing trend among equipment handlers because they have built-in features that can help you complete projects quickly and safely.
Compared to bulldozers, motor graders are usually better suited for heavy roadwork projects that demand versatility. You must understand how to operate a motor grader before using one, as different actors impact performance. For example, the more lean you put on the wheels, the deeper a cut will typically be.
Off-highway trucks are a type of dump truck that offers heavy-duty hauling power for any type of harsh work environment. For this reason, they are a popular choice in mines, quarries, and large-scale construction sites that require efficient transport of bulk materials. Compared to traditional dump trucks, off-highway haulers can transport larger volumes of stone, soil, and other materials. Depending on what your project calls for, you could invest in an off-highway truck with multiple dump buckets to be even more efficient.
Telehandlers are similar to forklifts but are better suited for outdoor applications or bulk material moving inside a warehouse. You can connect different boom attachments, such as buckets or lift platforms, making them a versatile piece of machinery to have on the worksite. There are several types of telehandlers to choose from, including different variations of lift height, load capacity, and frame size.
Track loaders are heavy-duty machines intended for large-scale use. They are designed with large, moving tracks rather than wheels. This enables the machine to move effortlessly across rugged terrain, including hard-to-reach areas. You can use a track loader to move or push debris or materials, as well as in excavation and land clearing.
Are you looking to purchase or rent a piece of heavy construction equipment for your next job or project? Cashman Equipment is a full-service, family-owned and operated equipment provider that offers top-quality equipment and a team of dedicated professionals eager to help you get the most out of your machinery.
Contact us online to learn more about the uses of heavy construction equipment and which machinery is best for your worksite. You can also give us a call at 800-937-2326 or visit a location convenient to you.
Hitachi Construction Machinery has been developing its engineering capabilities in line with social development and manufacturing and advancing construction machinery, which supports the construction of social infrastructure, industry and residential houses around the world.
Additionally, we offer the option to custom design a team challenge. We combine the thrill of operating heavy machinery with team building to get tasks done. This unique experience is sure to help build stronger relationships and communication.
Our individual digs include our most popular experiences and are great for those aged 8 and up! Each session comes with a Dig This instructor to help learn how to operate and have fun with heavy equipment.
Our heavy equipment selection from John Deere includes haul trucks, front end loaders, dozers, excavators and much more. Explore our heavy equipment line up to find your perfect combination of heavy machinery. This is how John Deere does big.
Dealers selling production-class equipment are required to meet thorough parts stocking criteria. Their investment in local parts inventory is designed to support the high uptime you expect on your heavy equipment.
Companies that have their employees and contractors work with heavy equipment or have employees supervising workers in a business with heavy machinery should be aware of the inherent risks associated with the tasks. Understanding the threats and taking the necessary precautions to mitigate them can keep people safe.
Almost every manufacturing company and construction site in every industry makes use of machinery in some capacity. This can include anything from large industrial turbines to a hand grinder. However, regardless of size, machinery has one thing in common, it has risks that lead to an unsafe work environment. The hazards associated with workplace machinery are enormously complex and can lead to serious injuries.
Heavy machinery is any piece of equipment or machine that requires special training to operate. Additionally, heavy machinery refers to any type of vehicle that weighs more than 5,000 pounds and requires more than one person to operate. Cars, tractors, trucks, buses, forklifts, and other industrial vehicles that require special training or licensing to operate are included. Basically, if it is operational and requires training, it is considered heavy machinery.